2018年08月25日

本日配信のメルマガ。2016年センター英語第5問 物語文の読解

本日配信のメルマガでは、2016年大学入試センター試験英語第5問を解説します。


【高校英語】過去問攻略!センター英語
http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html


■ 問題

第5問 次の物語を読み、下の問い(問1〜5)の[ 42 ]〜[ 46 ]に入れるのに
最も適当なものを、それぞれ下の{1}〜{4}のうちから一つずつ選べ。

"No one thought I would amount to much," Uncle John said, as he stood
in the kitchen, showing me how he put together an award-winning four-course
dinner. I had just graduated from university, and this dinner was his gift
to me. It felt great to have a well-known chef cooking for me. On top of
this, I was excited because in a few days he was going to compete in The
Big-Time Cook Off, a nationwide TV cooking contest.
When Uncle John was young, his family lived in the countryside. His mother
taught at a local school, but when John was 10, she had to quit to take
care of her elderly mother. Until then, his father had been kind and had
had enough time to play with John and his two younger sisters. But as bills
kept piling up, the family got into trouble, John's father finally had to
take a job in a city far away, so he could only come home on the weekends.
Gradually, because of his busy work schedule, John's father began looking
tired whenever he came home. To tell the truth, he had changed from being
good-humored to being in a bad mood all the time. When he was home, he just
wanted to rest. He often scolded John for small things. Wanting to be
accepted by his father, John tried to do his best but never felt he was
good enough. Eventually, he started avoiding his father. He began hanging
out at the shopping mall with friends, sometimes skipping his classes.
Little by little John's grade got worse. His parents and teachers were
worried about his future.
One Sunday morning, while John's mom was out taking care of her own
mother, his father was napping in the TV room. John's sisters were hungry,
so John started to cook something for them. He was not sure how to cook,
but he did not want to bother his father.
Suddenly, the kitchen door opened, and his father was standing there.
"Dad, I'm sorry if I woke up. Chelsea and Jessica are hungry, and I was
trying to cook them some eggs." His dad looked at him seriously for a
moment. "Eggs? Eggs aren't good for lunch on a beautiful Sunday like
today. Let's grill some steaks in the backyard." "Are you sure? You must
be tired." "It's OK. I like cooking. It reminds me of my college days when
I worked part-time as a cook. I'll show you how to prepare delicious
steaks."
To John's surprise, his father became energetic when he started cooking.
He took John aside and explained to him in detail that cooking was, in a
way, like a science project. "You need to measure the ingredients precisely
and know which items go together. If you master this, you can provide
pleasure for a great many people." John felt close to his father for the
first time in a long time. From then on, John spent more time at home. He
started cooking for his family regularly, and then happiness spilled over
into other areas of his life.
Uncle John worked his way through college with jobs in restaurants, and
eventually he became a chef at a famous restaurant. He really liked the
job and worked hard developing his own special techniques. He was finally
able to open his own restaurant serving his unique style of food. He won
several awards and cooked for the rich and famous.
This brings us back to the contest. Uncle John and I were excited about
his being selected. Yet, he shared something really touching with me there
in the kitchen. "You know, Mike," Uncle John said, "I'm thrilled to be able
to go on TV as part of [The Big-Time Cook Off]. But what makes me the
happiest is to stand here with you, one of the people I care about, and
talk--just you and me. It's exactly like what my dad did for me one fine
day in summer, so many years ago. And that made all the difference in my
life."

問1 At the beginning of the story, Uncle John was [ 42 ].
{1} cooking for [The Big-Time Cook Off]
{2} making a special meal for Mike
{3} training Mike for the contest
{4} trying to improve his recipes

問2 Uncle John's father began working in the city because [ 43 ].
{1} he was tired of living in the countryside
{2} it was easier to spend time with his family
{3} the family needed more money for living
{4} Uncle John's mother had become sick

問3 Why were Uncle John's parents and teachers worried about his future?
[ 44 ]
{1} He just wanted to rest at home.
{2} He lost interest in studying.
{3} He stopped avoiding his father.
{4} He was no longer good-humored.

問4 What helped to change Uncle John's life the most? [ 45 ]
{1} Eating an award-winning dinner with his friends
{2} Entering cooking contests such as [The Big-Time Cook Off]
{3} Making a connection with his father through cooking
{4} Spending time talking with Mike in the kitchen

問5 What does Uncle John find most rewarding? [ 46 ]
{1} Developing unique four-course dinners for famous people
{2} Having meaningful relationships with people close to him
{3} Making people happy through cooking on TV shows
{4} Serving many people delicious meals in his restaurant


※マーク部分の□は[ ]で、マル1は{1}で表記しています。

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=========================== お知らせ1 ===============================

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1クラス4人までの少人数で、経験豊富なプロ講師の授業が受けられます。
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1回の授業では、基本的に英語または数学の1教科を集中的に指導します。
1:1の授業をご希望の方への特別コースもご用意しています。

「夏期講習をやったけど、今ひとつピンと来なかったな〜」という人は、
まずは一度、えまじゅくの体験授業を受けてみてはいかがでしょうか?

全国大会経験者による指導が受けられる卓球教室の生徒も同時募集しています。

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■ 解答・解説

2016年第5問は、やや長い物語についての問題でした。
文章が長めなので、本文は、逐語訳よりも大まかな内容を素早く捉えることが
重要になってきます。

本文は「だいたい」でも大丈夫ですが、設問と選択肢の意味は正確に捉える
必要があります。

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

では、まず問1から。

問1 At the beginning of the story, Uncle John was [ 42 ].
問1 この物語の最初に、Johnおじさんは[ 42 ]。

{1} cooking for [The Big-Time Cook Off]
{1} [The Big-Time Cook Off]のために料理をしていた

{2} making a special meal for Mike
{2} Mikeのために特別な食事を作っていた

{3} training Mike for the contest
{3} コンテストのためにMikeを鍛えていた

{4} trying to improve his recipes
{4} 彼のレシピを改善しようとしていた

「物語の最初に」とあるので、最初の段落に注目します。
最初の段落ではどんな情景描写があるかというと・・・

「he stood in the kitchen, showing me how he put together an award-winning
four-course dinner.」などとあります。

このheはUncle Johnなので・・・


(有料版では、解説の続きや語句コーナー、解答一覧も掲載しています)
 http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html


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=========================== お知らせ2 ===============================

センター英語、数学を解説するブログを毎日更新中です!

■ センター数学を理由の理由まで解説するブログ
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■ センター英語をひとつひとつ解説するブログ
   http://a-emaenglish.seesaa.net/

このメルマガとともにご利用いただくと効果的です!


紙の書籍、電子書籍もご利用ください。
中学・高校の英語・数学の書籍を出版しています。

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■ 全文訳(基本的に直訳ですが、一部意訳しています)

「私がそんなになるとは誰も思わなかった」Johnおじさんは台所に立って、賞を
取った4品のコースのディナーをどうやって作るか私に見せながら言いました。
私はちょうど大学を卒業したばかりで、このディナーは彼の私への贈り物でした。
有名なシェフが私のために料理をしてくれるのは素晴らしい気分でした。そのうえ
数日後に、全国規模のテレビ料理コンテストのThe Big-Time Cook Offで彼が競う
予定だったので、ワクワクしていました。
 Johnおじさんが若かった頃、彼の家族は田舎に住んでいました。彼の母は…

(続きは http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html でご覧ください)

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■ 今回の高校レベルの単語・熟語など

≪第1段落≫
amount:名詞で登場することが多いが、動詞にもなる。「量、総量〜になる」
put together:togetherにする→「まとめる、合わせる、作る」
award-winning:awardは「賞」、winningは「勝ち取る」の現在分詞「受賞した」
four-course dinner:コース料理で4品ということ。「4品のコースディナー」
graduate:春はgraduateの季節でもあると言われる。「卒業する」
university:基本的に、大規模で多数の学部がある「大学」
well-known:know wellを受け身にして1語の形容詞にしたもの。「よく知られた」
on top of this:「これの頂上で」→「これに加えて、そのうえ、さらに」
compete:complete(完成する)と見間違えないように!「競争する、競う」
nationwide:nation(国)+wide(広い)→「国中で、全国規模の」

(以下略)

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解説の続きは、本日21時配信予定の

【高校英語】過去問攻略!センター英語
 http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html

に掲載します!
文法セクションはもちろん、第6問の長文まで、翻訳も行っている著者が、
全文訳・語句までイメージ重視&論理的に解説します。
月・水・土配信。\540/月。最初の1ヶ月は無料です。

または、http://pmana.jp/pc/pm588.html をご利用下さい。


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------------------------------------------------------------------------
          発行者 江間淳(EMA Atsushi)
 mm@a-ema.com http://www.a-ema.com/k/ https://twitter.com/A_EMA_RYU
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                        無断転載・引用を禁じます。

=========================== お知らせ3 ===============================

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【中学5科】高校入試の重要ポイント
 http://pmana.jp/pc/pm707.html
ラベル:英語
posted by えま at 13:36| Comment(0) | メルマガ | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする
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名前:江間淳
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