2018年12月15日

本日配信のメルマガ。2016年センター英語第6問 長文読解

本日配信のメルマガでは、2016年大学入試センター試験英語第6問を解説します。


【高校英語】過去問攻略!センター英語
http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html


■ 問題

第6問 次の文章を読み、下の問い(A・B)に答えよ。なお、文章の左にある
(1)〜(6)はパラグラフ(段落)の番号を表している。

(1) Opera is an art form that celebrates the human voice at its highest
level of expression. No other art form creates excitement and moves the
heart in the way that opera does, especially when performed by a great
singer. Such singers are trained to present some of the greatest and most
challenging music that has ever been composed for the human voice.

(2) Opera is an important part of the Western classical music tradition.
It uses music, words, and actions to bring a dramatic story of life. Opera
started in Italy at the end of the 16th century and later became popular
throughout Europe. Over the years, it has responded to various musical and
theatrical developments around the world and continues to do so. In recent
decades, much wider audiences have been introduced to opera through modern
recording technology. Some singers have become celebrities thanks to
performing on radio, on television, and in the cinema.

(3) However, in recent years, opera has been facing serious challenges.
The causes of some of these are beyond its control. One current challenge
to opera is economic. The current world economic slowdown has meant that
less money is available for cultural institutions and artists. This
shortage of money raises the broader question of how much should be paid
to support opera singers and other artists. Society seems to accept the
large salaries paid to business managers and the multi-million-dollar
contracts given to sports athletes. [But what about opera singers?]
Somehow, people have the idea that artists can be creative only if they
suffer in poverty, but this is unrealistic: If artists, including opera
singers, lack the support they need, valuable talent is wasted.

(4) Not only the shortage of money, but also the way money is managed in
the opera world has led to hardships. Principal singers are generally paid
performance fees once they complete a show. They typically receive nothing
during the many weeks of rehearsal before a show starts. To prepare for
a role, they must pay the costs of lessons and coaching sessions. If they
become ill or cancel their performance, they lose their performance fee.
The insecurity of this system puts the future of opera at risk.

(5) Another problem faced by opera is how to meet the demands of audiences
who are influenced by popular entertainment. Pop singers are often judged
as much on the basis of how they look as how they sound. Therefore, opera
singers, performing to audiences influenced by this popular culture, are
now expected to be "models who sing." These demands may be unrealistic and
possibly harmful. Opera singers simply cannot make a sound big enough to
fill a large theater or concert hall without microphone if their body
weight is too low. Emphasizing physical appearance over singing ability
may cause audiences to miss out on the human voice at its best.

(6) There are no easy solutions to opera's problems and there are many
different opinions about the value of opera. However, every year many
young people register for music courses with hopes and dreams of
developing their talents in this special art form. The fact that opera has
survived many obstacles and continues to attract the rising generation
demonstrates that it remains a respected art form full of value.

A 次の問い(問1〜5)の[ 47 ]〜[ 51 ]に入れるのに最も適当なものを、
それぞれ下の{1}〜{4}のうちから一つずつ選べ。

問1 Which of these statement is true according to paragraph (2)? [ 47 ]
{1} Opera develops by adapting to new conditions.
{2} Opera fans thank celebrities for performing.
{3} Opera singers avoid singing on TV and in films.
{4} Opera singers' life stories are dramatic.

問2 In paragraph (3), what is another way of asking the question
"[But what about opera singers?]" [ 48 ]
{1} How do opera singers prepare?
{2} How should we use opera singers?
{3} What are opera singers worth?
{4} What sums do opera singers pay?

問3 According to paragraph (3) and (4), which statement is true? [ 49 ]
{1} Opera singers are financially unstable.
{2} Opera singers ask only the wealthy to attend.
{3} Opera singers get paid before the show.
{4} Opera singers perform better if they are poor.

問4 Which statement best expresses the author's opinion in paragraph (5)?
[ 50 ]
{1} Audiences know best how opera should be performed.
{2} Microphones should be used to make opera more enjoyable.
{3} Opera singers' voices should be valued more than their looks.
{4} Popular culture has had a positive influence on opera.

問5 What would be the best title for this passage? [ 51 ]
{1} How to Make Money in Opera
{2} Opera as a Part of Popular Culture
{3} The Difficulties Facing Opera
{4} The Historical Context of Opera


B 次の表は、本文のパラグラフ(段落)ごとの内容をまとめたものである。
[ 52 ]〜[ 55 ]に入れるのに最も適当なものを、下の{1}〜{4}のうちから一つ
ずつ選び、表を完成させよ。ただし、同じものを繰り返し選んではいけない。

−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−
| Paragraph |    Content    |
−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−
|  (1)  | Introducing opera |
|  (2)  |    [ 52 ]    |
|  (3)  |    [ 53 ]    |
|  (4)  |    [ 54 ]    |
|  (5)  |    [ 55 ]    |
|  (6)  | Prospects for opera |
−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−

{1} Effect of world finance on opera
{2} Impact of popular culture on opera
{3} Opera from the past to the present
{4} Problems in money management


※マーク部分の□は[ ]で、マル1は{1}で表記しています。

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=========================== お知らせ1 ===============================

茨城県水戸市、常陸太田市、東海村の個別指導教室
「AE個別学習室(えまじゅく)」では、生徒募集をしています。

1クラス4人までの少人数で、経験豊富なプロ講師の授業が受けられます。
対象は小学生〜高校生・浪人生まで。
1回の授業では、基本的に英語または数学の1教科を集中的に指導します。
1:1の授業をご希望の方への特別コースもご用意しています。

東海村教室では、全国大会経験者による指導が受けられる卓球教室の生徒も
同時募集しています。

興味をお持ちの方は、まずは mm@a-ema.com までお問い合わせください。

家庭教師・塾のサイトと連絡先はここ → http://www.a-ema.com/

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■ 解答・解説

2016年も第6問は長文問題でした。
概ね段落1つにつき設問が1つなので、設問で示された段落をしっかり読めば、
確実に正解できるはずです。



問1 Which of these statement is true according to paragraph (2)? [ 47 ]
問1 パラグラフ(2)によると、これらの陳述のうちどれが本当ですか?

{1} Opera develops by adapting to new conditions.
{1} オペラは新しい状況に適応することにより発展する

{2} Opera fans thank celebrities for performing.
{2} オペラファンはセレブが出演することを感謝している

{3} Opera singers avoid singing on TV and in films.
{3} オペラ歌手は・・・


(以下略)


(有料版では、解説の続きや語句コーナー、解答一覧も掲載しています)
 http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html


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=========================== お知らせ2 ===============================

センター英語、数学を解説するブログを毎日更新中です!

■ センター数学を理由の理由まで解説するブログ
   http://centermath.seesaa.net/

■ センター英語をひとつひとつ解説するブログ
   http://a-emaenglish.seesaa.net/

このメルマガとともにご利用いただくと効果的です!


紙の書籍、電子書籍もご利用ください。
中学・高校の英語・数学の書籍を出版しています。

★江間淳(えまあつし)の書籍一覧 → http://amzn.to/2lnKZdS

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■ 全文訳(基本的に直訳ですが、一部意訳しています)

(1) オペラとは、最高のレベルの人間の声で表現される一つの芸術の形です。
素晴らしい歌手によって演じられるときは特に、他のどの形態の芸術でも、オペラ
がするように興奮を創り出し心を動かすものはありません。そのような歌手は…

(続きは http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html でご覧ください)

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■ 今回の高校レベルの単語・熟語など

(1)
celebrate:基本的に「〜を祝う」だが、口語の自動詞では「浮かれ騒ぐ」にも。
expression:express(表現する)の名詞形。「表現」
create:近ごろのクリエーターとはコピペする人なのかも(笑)「創造する」
excitement:excitingな状態のこと。「興奮、刺激」
especially:スペシャルを副詞にして「特に」

(以下略)

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解説の続きは、本日21時配信予定の

【高校英語】過去問攻略!センター英語
 http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html

に掲載します!
文法セクションはもちろん、第6問の長文まで、翻訳も行っている著者が、
全文訳・語句までイメージ重視&論理的に解説します。
月・水・土配信。\540/月。最初の1ヶ月は無料です。

または、http://pmana.jp/pc/pm588.html をご利用下さい。


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------------------------------------------------------------------------
          発行者 江間淳(EMA Atsushi)
 mm@a-ema.com http://www.a-ema.com/k/ https://twitter.com/A_EMA_RYU
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ラベル:英語
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こんなヤツです
名前:江間淳
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一言:アプリ、メルマガ、電子書籍提供中です。アマゾンやGooglePlayで「江間淳」で検索!
江間淳の書籍一覧 → http://amzn.to/2m9LTvN