2023年05月03日

本日配信のメルマガ。2023年共通テスト英語第5問 問2まで

本日配信のメルマガでは、2023年大学入試共通テスト英語第5問の問2までを解説します。


【高校英語】共通テストの英文解釈
http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html


■ 問題


第5問

 Your English teacher has told everyone in your class to find an
inspirational story and present it to a discussion group, using notes. You
have found a story written by a high school student in the UK.

┌────────────────────────────────────┐
|           [Lessons from Table Tennis]            |
|               Ben Carter                |
| The ball flew at lightning speed to my backhand. It was completely  |
|unexpected and I had no time to react. I lost the point and the match. |
|Defeat... Again! This is how it was in the first few months when I   |
|started playing table tennis. It was frustrating, but now I know that  |
|the sport taught me more than simply how to be a better athlete.    |
| In middle school, I loved football. I was one of the top scorers, but |
|I didn't get along with my teammates. The coach often said that I should|
|be more of a team player. I know I should work on the problem, but   |
|communication was just not my strong point.               |
| I had to leave the football club when my family moved to a new town. I|
|wasn't upset as I had decided to stop playing football anyway. My new  |
|school had a table tennis club, coached by the PE teacher, Mr Trent, and|
|I joined that. To be honest, I chose table tennis because I thought it |
|would be easier for me to play individually.              |
| At first, I lost more games than I won. I was frustrated and often  |
|went straight home after practice, not speaking anyone. One day,    |
|however, Mr Trent said to me, "You could be a good player, Ben, but you |
|need to think more about your game. What do you think you need to do?" |
|"I don't know," I replied, "focus on the ball more?" "Yes," Mr Trent  |
|continued, "but you also need to study your opponent's moves and adjust |
|your play accordingly. Remember, your opponent is a person, not a ball."|
|This made a deep impression on me.                   |
| I deliberately modified my style of play, paying closer attention to |
|my opponent's moves. It was not easy, and took a lot of concentration. |
|My efforts paid off, however, and my play improved. My confidence grew |
|and I started staying behind more after practice. I was turning into a |
|star player and my classmates tried to talk to me more than before. I  |
|thought that I was becoming popular, but our conversations seemed to end|
|before they really got started. Although my play might have improved, my|
|communication skills obviously hadn't.                 |
| My older brother Patrick was one of the few people I could communicate|
|with well. One day, I tried to explain my problems with communication to|
|him, but couldn't make him understand. We switched to talking about   |
|table tennis. "What do you actually enjoy about it?" he asked me    |
|curiously. I said I loved analysing my opponent's movements and making |
|instant decisions about the next move. Patrick looked thoughtful. "That |
|sounds like the kind of skill we use when we communicate," he said.   |
| At that time, I didn't understand, but soon after our conversation, I |
|won a silver medal in a table tennis tournament. My classmates seemed  |
|really pleased. One of them, George, came running over. "Hey, Ben!" he |
|said, "Let's have a party to celebrate!" Without thinking, I replied, "I|
|can't. I've got practice." He looked a bit hurt and walked off without |
|saying anything else.                          |
| Why was he upset? I thought about this incident for a long time. Why |
|did he suggest a party? Should I have said something different? A lot of|
|questions came to my mind, but then I realised that he was just being  |
|kind. If I'd said, "Great idea. Thank you! Let me talk to Mr Trent and |
|see if I can get some time off practice," then maybe the outcome would |
|have been better. At that moment Patrick's words made sense. Without  |
|attempting to grasp someone's intention, I wouldn't know how to respond.|
| I'm still not the best communicator in the world, but I definitely  |
|feel more confident in my communication skills now than before. Next  |
|year, my friends and I are going to co-ordinate the table tennis league |
|with other schools.                           |
└────────────────────────────────────┘


Your notes:
┌────────────────────────────────────┐
|           [Lessons from Table Tennis]            |
|                                    |
|[About the author (Ben Carter)]                     |
|・Played football at middle school.                   |
|・Started playing table tennis at his new school because he [ 30 ].   |
|                                    |
|[Other important people]                        |
|・Mr Trent: Ben's table tennis coach, who helped him improve his play. |
|・Patrick: Ben's brother, who [ 31 ].                  |
|・George: Ben's classmate, who wanted to celebrate his victory.     |
|                                    |
|[Influential events in Ben's journey to becoming a better communicator] |
|Began playing table tennis→[ 32 ]→[ 33 ]→[ 34 ]→[ 35 ]       |
|                                    |
|[What Ben realised after the conversation with George]         |
|He should have [ 36 ].                         |
|                                    |
|[What we can learn from this story]                   |
|・[ 37 ]                                |
|・[ 38 ]                                |
└────────────────────────────────────┘

問1 Choose the best option for [ 30 ].
{1} believed it would help him communicate
{2} hoped to become popular at school
{3} thought he could win games easily
{4} wanted to avoid playing a team sport

問2 Choose the best option for [ 31 ].
{1} asked him what he enjoyed about communication
{2} encouraged him to be more confident
{3} helped him learn the social skills he needed
{4} told him what he should have said to his school friends


つづく


※一部の図や記号は省略または類似のものに変更、マーク部分の□や下線部は[ ]、
マル1は{1}で表記しています。

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■ スラッシュリーディング

 Your English teacher has told everyone / in your class / to find
/ an inspirational story / and present it / to a discussion group,
/ using notes.
あなたの英語の先生は皆に言った / 授業で / 見つけるために
/ ある触発させるような物語を / そしてそれを見せた / 議論のグループに
/ メモを使って

You have found a story / written by a high school student / in the UK.
あなたは物語を見つけた / ある高校生によって書かれた / イギリスで


[Lessons from Table Tennis]
   [卓球からの教訓]
    Ben Carter 

 The ball flew / at lightning speed / to my backhand.
そのボールは飛んだ / 目にも止まらぬ速さで / 私のバックハンドに

It was completely unexpected / and I had no time / to react.
それは完全に予想していなかった / そして私は時間がなかった / 反応するための


(以下略)


(有料版では、解説の続きも掲載しています)
 http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html

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解説の続きは、本日21時配信予定の

【高校英語】共通テストの英文解釈
 http://www.mag2.com/m/0001641009.html

に掲載します!
全て長文問題になった大学入試共通テスト。今まで以上に読解力が求められます。
翻訳も行っている著者が、スラッシュリーディング、全文訳とともに解説します。
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 mm@a-ema.com http://www.a-ema.com/k/ https://twitter.com/A_EMA_RYU
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この記事へのトラックバック
こんなヤツです
名前:江間淳
年齢:41
職業:プロ家庭教師、AE個別学習室(えまじゅく)代表、翻訳者
ウェブサイトURL:http://www.a-ema.com/
メールアドレス:j@a-ema.com
一言:アプリ、メルマガ、電子書籍提供中です。アマゾンやGooglePlayで「江間淳」で検索!
江間淳の書籍一覧 → http://amzn.to/2m9LTvN